BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY

All behaviors are learned through interaction with the environment.

WHAT IS BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY?

Also known as behaviorism, behavioral psychology is a theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning, which occurs through interaction with the environment. It focuses on shaping or altering responses to environmental stimuli though the investigation of observable behavior in a scientific and systematic manner. Often, positive and/or negative reinforcement schedules are employed in order achieve conditioning and learning. Incentives or contingencies may be used in intervals to encourage positive or desired behavior. The therapist may also work with the individual and family surrounding limit-setting and/or contingency management as a means of extinguishing negative behaviors and/or promoting the more automated integration of more positive ones (adaptive/maladaptive or helpful/unhelpful). These approaches are often very useful in changing maladaptive or harmful behaviors in both children and adults.

A failure is not always a mistake, it may simply be the best one can do under the circumstances. The real mistake is to stop trying.

B.F. Skinner

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