WHAT IS SOLUTION-FOCUSED BRIEF THERAPY?
Goal-setting is at the foundation of SFBT; one of the first steps is to identify and clarify your goals. The therapist will begin by questioning what you hope to get out of working with the therapist and how, specifically, your life would change when steps were taken to resolve problems. By answering these types of questions, you can begin to identify solutions and come up with a plan for change. One of the key questions the therapist asks is called the miracle question: “If a miracle occurred while you were asleep tonight, what changes would you notice in your life tomorrow?” This opens up your mind to creative thinking and, again, to setting goals and developing a clear plan that will lead to life-changing solutions.
SFBT approaches assume that the solution to a problem is found in the “exceptions,” or those times when one is free of the problem or taking steps to manage the problem. Working from the theory that all individuals are at least somewhat motivated to find solutions, SFBT begins with what the individual is currently doing to initiate behavioral and lifestyle changes.
The therapist uses interventions such as specific questioning techniques, 0-10 scales, empathy, and compliments that help a person to recognize one’s own virtues, like courage and strength, that have recently gotten the person through hard times and are likely to work well in the future. Individuals learn to focus on what they can do, rather than what they can’t, which allows them to find solutions and make positive changes more quickly.
Problem talk creates problems. Solution talk creates solutions.Steve de Shazer
LIVE IN THE SOLUTION.
NOT IN THE PROBLEM.
Focus on problems, you’ll have more problems. When you focus on possibilities, you’ll have more opportunities. One cannot solve their problems with the same thinking they used when they created them.
SFBT believes the emphasis on therapy should be on what is changeable and possible and that clients already have the resources and strengths to solve their problems. Future-oriented, SFBT places the client in the position of expert and encourages they develop their own goals.